People affected by migration face a wide range of health concerns, including HIV/ AIDS and TB. Considering the vast cross-border spread of communicable diseases and structural challenges to access health-improving services, as well as other factors that influence the health and well-being of migrants, interventions need to be multi-sectorial and multi-level to address the social determinants of health faced by migrants and migration- affected communities.
The health of migrants is also a growing concern and has become a public health issue faced by countries in Southern Africa. The process of migration can create multiple health risks, including increased vulnerability to communicable diseases (sexually transmitted infections including HIV, tuberculosis, malaria, measles, etc.), mental health issues, occupational health and safety hazards, and negative sexual and reproductive health outcomes.
IOM’s migration health interventions will be implemented by (1) improving the monitoring of migrants' health through the generation of data and knowledge that inform policies and strategies; (2) working with governments, development partners (UN agencies) and other stakeholders to develop, amend and/or implement evidenced-based policies and legislations that promote migrants' right to health; (3) working with regional, national and local partners and service providers to increase availability and accessibility of services that improve the health of migrants, mobile populations and communities they interact with in identified spaces of vulnerabilities; and (4) improving the sustainability of migration and health responses in the region including through regional and multi-sectoral partnership networking.