Zimbabwe

Operations, Emergencies and Post-crisis

IOM will focus its interventions on disaster mitigation, prevention, and preparedness. In 2015 IOM will coordinate with partners on enhancing the capacity of the Government of Zimbabwe, particularly the Department of Civil Protection (provincial- and district-level Civil Protection Committees), and at-risk communities to prepare for, mitigate and recover from the impact of natural disasters. With the adoption of the Migration Crisis Operational Framework by IOM Member States, IOM will continue collaborating with the Government of Zimbabwe in developing post-crisis interventions for migration-affected communities, including internally displaced persons, third-country nationals and returnees.

IOM will focus on providing community stabilization assistance in these migration-affected areas that are emerging from the impact of various natural and other displacement shocks and socioeconomic challenges and are therefore vulnerable to future disasters. IOM will facilitate the reintegration of internally displaced persons through the implementation of durable solutions and their equal participation in the recovery of Zimbabwe. IOM will coordinate with central and local government authorities in utilizing a community-based planning approach as a means for prioritizing and implementing these community-stabilization projects in migration-affected areas. Operations activities will also include resettlement movements for a caseload of 500 refugees and migrants.

 

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations
  • Local NGOs and CSOs

Migration Health

IOM will continue to support the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare in coordinating and managing various migration-related health challenges and in developing national strategies that address health vulnerabilities among migrants and migration-affected communities.

IOM will contribute towards increased access to early tuberculosis, malaria, HIV and other sexually transmitted infections case detection, rapid diagnosis and improved treatment outcomes among irregular Zimbabwean migrants returning from South Africa and Botswana, as well as those living in communities of origin. IOM will conduct health assessments and referral services as part of a comprehensive assistance programme to returned migrants. IOM provides health assessments and travel health assistance services for government-funded refugees resettled to Australia, Canada and the United States, as well as for self-payer migrants bound for the United Kingdom.

IOM will advocate for mainstreaming of migration and health issues through all health-related policies and strategies.

IOM will also collaborate with research institutions to build an evidence base on migration and health issues in Zimbabwe.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations
  • Academia
     

Immigration and Border Management

IOM will work to strengthen the capacity of migration management authorities in Zimbabwe through ongoing support to cross-border migration forums and holistic technical assistance to the Department of Immigration. IOM will also engage the Ministry of Home Affairs in conducting comprehensive border management assessments to assess the capacity of regulatory, administrative, information management and operation frameworks. IOM will provide technical assistance to strengthen the capacities of national border agencies through the installation of border management information systems, development of standard operating procedures, conduct of training, as well as the building of national training capacity by drafting and standardizing the national immigration and border management training.

 

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies

Migrant Assistance

IOM will continue to support governmental and nongovernmental partners in preventing the smuggling of migrants and trafficking in persons and providing support to stranded migrants. In particular, IOM will support the Government of Zimbabwe in the implementation of the new Trafficking in Persons Act, of 2014 (Chapter 9:25). To this end, IOM will implement interventions aimed at the prevention of trafficking, protection of victims of trafficking, and prosecution of traffickers. Envisaged activities include: awareness-raising and training, development of training materials for law enforcement agencies and social service providers.

IOM will also contribute towards strengthening the national institutional framework for trafficking in persons in Zimbabwe by establishing a national victims’ identification and referral mechanism in Zimbabwe, as well as a national data collection and management system on trafficking.

IOM will also seek to increase multidisciplinary collaboration through capacity-building of law enforcement agents, service providers and judicial officials on victim-centred responses to reported trafficking cases.

IOM will continue to build capacity to address mixed and irregular migration flows, including the establishment of a national action plan and standard operating procedures for responding to mixed migration flows.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations
  • Local NGOs and CSOs

Labour Migration and Human Development

IOM will provide technical assistance to strengthen the overall institutional and governance framework that responds to multi-faceted migration issues, including facilitating labour migration, managing irregular migration, protecting migrants’ rights (including victims of human trafficking), enhancing integrated border management, harnessing diaspora resources and addressing migration through regional consultative processes, as well as through the Post-2015 Development Agenda.

IOM will support the Government towards the engagement of the Zimbabwean diaspora to harness financial and human capital resources for national development and will initiate this after conducting a profile of the Zimbabwean diaspora in South Africa and the United Kingdom.

IOM will support the Government of Zimbabwe’s capacity for effective migration management through the establishment of a Migrant Resource Centre in the busiest border post.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations
  • UN/IOs/INGOs

Migration Policy and Research

IOM will conduct advocacy, engagement and dialogue, including seminars and symposia on evolving land tenure issues based on empirical research and profiling. IOM will support the adoption of labour migration policies and diaspora and migration and development policy frameworks. IOM will also facilitate the mapping of the Zimbabwean diaspora in the United Kingdom and South Africa. The purpose of the mapping exercise is to assess the preparedness of the Zimbabwean diaspora to return and also inform diaspora engagement initiatives that contribute to socio-economic development.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Diaspora