Zambia

Operations, Emergencies and Post-crisis

IOM will continue to engage the State Disaster Management and Mitigation Unit and various State and non-State actors on camp coordination and camp management, as well as disaster risk management. This will entail the provision of capacity-building support and preparedness for displacement eventualities. Capacity-building initiatives will cascade from national to sub-national levels in at-risk provinces and districts of Zambia.

IOM intends to also continue working with UNHCR and the Government of Zambia on the voluntary repatriation of Angolan refugees, and on the conduct of movements for overseas resettlements.

Another aspect that IOM will support the Zambian Government on is the local integration of those

qualifying for stay under government criteria. Angolans who are married to Zambian nationals,

those who have business entities, those born to a Zambian parent and those with critical skills who qualify for employment permit are included in the criteria for local integration.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations
  • UN/IOs/INGOs
  • Local NGOs and CSOs
     

Migration Health

IOM will continue its engagement of various national stakeholders, including local authorities, in promoting health among migrants and migration-affected communities. In line with IOM’s regional health promotion strategy for East and Southern Africa, IOM will undertake four strategic areas of engagement: (a) improve the monitoring of migrants’ health to inform policies and practices; (b) ensure that policies and legislation make provisions for the health needs and rights of migrants and migration-affected communities, in line with international, regional and national commitments;  (c) support migrants and migration-affected communities to access and use migrant-sensitive health services; and (d) strengthen multi-country and multi sectoral partnerships and networks for effective and sustainable responses to migration and health challenges. Moreover, IOM will focus on four strategic “spaces of vulnerability,” namely, urban informal settlements, extractive industries, transport and mixed migration routes.

IOM also intends to work closely within the “Delivering as One UN” initiative in implementing programmes on addressing gender-based violence and the effects of labour migration and population mobility on the HIV/AIDS epidemic, tuberculosis and malaria.

IOM will continue to provide health assessments and travel health assistance to government-sponsored refugees and self-payer immigrants bound for Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations
  • UN/IOs/INGOs
  • Local NGOs and CSOs
  • Private sector
     

Immigration and Border Management

IOM has worked extensively on the immigration and border management sector in recent years, including developing immigration standard operating procedures, curricula and training; facilitating crossborder dialogue; and deploying border management information systems. Earlier interventions, in particular those implemented through a project in regional capacity-building for border management, with support from the Africa Capacity-Building Centre in Moshi, United Republic of Tanzania, have provided a foundation for current and planned interventions.

IOM supports the Government of Zambia, in particular the Ministry of Home Affairs Department of Immigration, Prisons Service and the Police, towards improved immigration and border management, as well as enhanced management of migration-related data. In 2015 IOM intends to continue to build the capacity of the Government of Zambia and other stakeholders in these areas, particularly focusing on improving the management of migration data and the deployment of computerized border management systems.

Actions are aligned with relevant national priorities, policies and legislation, as well as regional  and international instruments.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations
     

Migrant Assistance

With emphasis on the management of mixed migration, IOM builds the capacity of border officials, law enforcement, service providers and other partners. This currently includes the development of a national action plan to address mixed migration, which will inform future programming. Interventions focus on upholding the rights of vulnerable migrants, meeting protection needs and improving access to justice. Planned actions aim at improving detention conditions and providing alternatives to detention.

IOM and UN partners support the Zambian Government and non-governmental partners to implement protection provisions in national legislation and policy. This includes capacity-building in the implementation of identification procedures, guidelines, referral mechanisms and service delivery for victims of trafficking and other vulnerable migrants.

IOM is upgrading reception facilities for vulnerable migrants in border areas and implementing improvements to other protective services, such as safe shelters.

In coordination with national and international partners, IOM provides individualized assistance to victims of trafficking, unaccompanied minors, and stranded migrants. On a case-by-case basis, IOM facilitates safe shelter, medical and psychosocial assistance, legal advice and assisted voluntary return and reintegration for victims of trafficking. Other vulnerable migrants are provided with the options of voluntary return, family tracing, medical care and regularization of stay.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations
  • UN/IOs/INGOs
  • Local NGOs and CSOs
     

Labour Migration and Human Development

IOM has been providing support to the Government of Zambia in the area of migration and development. Currently, particular focus is placed on capacity-building of diaspora engagement in development. This includes: (a) technical assistance to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the development and implementation of a diaspora policy; (b) improved knowledge-based planning, including the update of a 2010–11 web-based diaspora survey, the findings of which are being used to inform current interventions, including policy development and diaspora outreach, such as through diaspora associations; and (c) support to Zambian diaspora associations for improved engagement of the diaspora.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies

Migration Policy and Research

COMESA’s thirty-first meeting of the Council of Ministers, held in Kampala, Uganda on 19–20 November 2012 endorsed the concept of establishing a COMESA RCP and granted authority to proceed with the launch of the COMESA RCP in June 2013. With support from IOM, the COMESA RCP was formally launched in September 2013 in Lusaka, Zambia. The COMESA RCP will be one of the interregional political dialogues formed with migration as a pillar within a broader framework with other complementing pillars, such as trade and justice. The RCP will also be a process within a regional trade/economic body that has a mission and responsibilities to formulate binding agreements in many areas. The potential for the COMESA RCP to directly influence multilateral agreements will be especially strong among RCPs, given its positioning within a regional common market. Although the COMESA RCP itself may not be empowered to pursue binding agreements, its positioning within COMESA will provide additional weight, and a direct path, for the recommendations and the practices it comes to promote. IOM intends to continue to support COMESA in convening the second COMESA Regional Consultative Process on Migration Dialogue in 2015, providing an informal forum for continued discussion on bilateral agreements, which can lead to recommendations on formal actions.

In addition to this, IOM in Zambia is providing support to the COMESA Secretariat in Lusaka for diaspora engagement in the COMESA region, as well as the improved management of labour migration through support for the implementation of the COMESA protocols on: (a) gradual relaxation and eventual elimination of visas; and (b) the free movement of goods, services and persons.

IOM further intends to support the COMESA Secretariat in Lusaka for Migration Profiles in the

COMESA region, which will help contribute to evidence-based planning on migration management. IOM also aims to build the capacity of (a) the Zambian Government to produce a Migration Profile and (b) intends to build the capacity of national institutions for improved collection and analysis of migration-related data for evidence-based policy development and national planning.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • UN/IOs/INGOs
  • Academia