Mozambique

Operations, Emergencies and Post-crisis

IOM’s emergency operations and disaster risk reduction programmes will continue to concentrate on emergency preparedness and response capacities; community recovery and stabilization; and disaster risk reduction and adaptation to climate change. To strengthen the capacity to learn from and improve preparedness, emergency response and resilience, the programme will increase camp coordination camp management and disaster risk management training targeting emergency responders, including the police and social service actors responsible for the protection of displaced populations, and emergency coordination mechanisms at the district and municipal levels. IOM will also support basic infrastructure for temporary transit sites to provide minimum standards for displaced populations and support the Mozambican Government’s initiatives to plan evacuations and improve population services.

Simultaneously, the programme focuses on empowering affected communities by delivering basic services and assistance, providing durable solutions for displaced persons, and ensuring community participation in recovery efforts. IOM is currently providing emergency supplies and ongoing support to internally displaced people in Zambezia province following extensive flooding in January. Communities receive support through IOM registration, monitoring and basic infrastructure upgrades. In addition, IOM works with community radio stations to provide early warning in emergencies and updated information on recovery activities.

Additionally, IOM continues to facilitate refugee resettlement and family reunification to third countries, in cooperation with receiving countries and UNHCR.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations
  • Local NGOs and CSOs
  • Media
     

Migration Health

In line with IOM’s regional health promotion strategy for East and Southern Africa, IOM will focus on: (a) delivering migrant-sensitive health and social services, focusing on HIV, tuberculosis, malaria and gender-based violence; (b) establishing an enabling environment for improved migrant health; and (c) increasing the availability of information on migration and health trends and dynamics.

The first area focuses on working with health and social service providers, as well as migration-affected communities, to build their capacity to implement community mobilization programmes and build partnerships in strengthening migrant-sensitive health systems. In the second area, IOM will advocate with duty-bearers to strengthen the policy and legal framework for migration and health, especially tuberculosis and HIV. Two specific outputs envisaged are: (a) strengthened partnership with the Ministry of Health to implement aspects of World Health Assembly Resolution 61.17 on the health of migrants and (b) enhanced coordination among key policymakers to address HIV and tuberculosis vulnerabilities of cross-border migrant workers.

A third result area will focus on gathering and monitoring information/data on migrant health, including in areas such as the relationship between population mobility and malaria, especially in border areas. IOM will continue to strengthen the knowledge base on the social determinants of health in migration-affected communities.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations
  • Local NGOs and CSOs
     

Immigration and Border Management

IOM’s work in strengthening the Mozambican Government’s capacity in immigration and border management will build on the existing programme with the Directorate of Migration, under which four border points have been revitalized, border officials trained, and border management equipment installed. The success of this project has led to an official government request to replicate this project in additional border points and to continue the specialized training for border guards.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies

 

Migrant Assistance

IOM’s work concentrates on: (a) providing direct protection assistance to victims of trafficking and stranded migrants, and (b) building protection-sensitive systems and processes for the management of mixed migration.

The trafficking component focuses on three activity areas: (a) capacity-building of prosecutors and other law enforcement officers to understand human trafficking, especially in terms of anti-trafficking legislation in Mozambique; (b) strengthening the quality of services and direct assistance provided; and (c) community empowerment to prevent and respond to human trafficking. The second area focuses on responding to increasing mixed migration flows, including irregular migration of Mozambicans to Southern Africa. This includes developing a national plan of action, establishing protection-sensitive reception mechanisms, revision of legislation and policy for the protection of mixed migrants, building migrants’ understanding of their rights, and establishing and supporting domestic and regional coordination mechanisms.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations
  • Local NGOs and CSOs
     

Labour Migration and Human Development

IOM’s work focuses on the following areas: (a) assisting the Government of Mozambique to build its diaspora engagement programme; (b) implementing labour migration programmes with other Lusophone countries and countries in the global South, including protection programmes for cross-border labour migrants; and (c) mainstreaming migration into governance systems, for example, national poverty reduction strategies and plans.

The first area focuses on implementing the diaspora engagement strategy, developed in 2014 within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and in partnership with the Insituto Nacional para as Comunidades Moçambicanos no Exterior, and includes mapping of the global diaspora and maintaining the diaspora website and database.

The second area focuses on promoting protection-sensitive labour migration in the context of the Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries and South–South markets. This includes work that IOM undertakes with cross-border migrant associations, such as the Mozambican Mineworkers’ Association (AMIMO), to build their institutional and technical capacity in advocacy and human rights law.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations
  • Local NGOs and CSOs