Mauritius (covering for Madagascar, Seychelles and Comoros)

Operations, Emergencies and Post-crisis

As part of its work in complex emergencies and its efforts to promote disaster preparedness and response, IOM will continue to build trust and cooperation with partners by sharing information and conducting simulation exercises at the national and regional levels while developing effective response capabilities. The Organization also applies its comprehensive migration management approach to the complex linkages between climate change, the environment and migration.

Through its activities, IOM helps to reduce the vulnerability of populations exposed to environmental risk factors; assists populations on the move as a result of environmental causes; and builds the capacities of governments and other actors to face the challenges of environmental migration. In close cooperation with other partners, IOM will continue to support such activities in line with governments’ strategies in Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius and Seychelles.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies

Migration Health

IOM will continue to work with the Ministry of Health, the IOC and other partners, including NGOs, in advocating for migrant-inclusive health policies; delivering migrant-sensitive health promotion and health-care services in the Indian Ocean region; promoting health in migration; improving the management of migration health; and reducing migrants’ vulnerability. These will be achieved through the provision of sustainable prevention and care services specifically addressing tuberculosis and HIV-related issues, in collaboration with local partners for internal migrants and migrant workers in Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius and Seychelles.

IOM is also currently in discussion with the Mauritius Commercial Bank on the possibility of a partnership to set up an inter-island agency which would provide information to Rodriguans on the main island of Mauritius on: (a) employment opportunities, (b) health, (c) living conditions, (d) rights and responsibilities and (e) key contacts. The Prime Minister’s Office is in favour of a joint collaboration with IOM, the Mauritius Commercial Bank and a local NGO, Solidarité Rodrigues, to undertake such an initiative.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Local NGOs and CSOs

Immigration and Border Management

With the assistance of the Government of Mauritius and funding from the EU, IOM completed a Border Control and Migration Management Assessment visit in Mauritius, including the island of Rodrigues. The results of the assessment concluded that the current Immigration Border Control System has outstanding functionality and is likely to be a sound technical basis for the implementation of the priority information technology and communication systems initiatives identified by the Government of Mauritius.

IOM will continue to build the capacity of the Governments of Mauritius and other IOC Member States with regard to migration management, border control and the harmonization of migration policies. IOM seeks to lead a comprehensive assessment of current border management practices and policies in the main ports of entry in Madagascar, to identify areas in which the Malagasy Government is in particular need of assistance in addressing specific migration challenges in a more effective and efficient manner.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies

Migrant Assistance

IOM will build on its efforts to reduce migrant exploitation, specifically the smuggling of migrants and trafficking in persons and will continue to build the Government’s capacities in counter-trafficking through capacity-building activities. IOM will also work with national authorities on the repatriation of stranded migrants.

IOM is also implementing activities to help the Government address issues of trafficking in persons in Madagascar, therefore contributing to the efforts of the Government of Madagascar in responding to human trafficking in an informed, coordinated and victim-centred manner.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations
  • UN/IOs/INGOs

Labour Migration and Human Development

IOM will continue to enhance the capacity of Mauritius to better manage labour migration. The Organization will also continue to provide assistance in facilitating labour migration to Canada and Italy, especially through a new job portal set up in June 2014 by IOM and Mauritius’ Ministry of Labour, Industrial Relations and Employment to facilitate the matching of job-seekers in search of employment opportunities abroad. IOM is also promoting student mobility through recent agreements signed with the University of Regina in Saskatchewan, Canada.

In Mauritius and Comoros, IOM endeavours to develop diaspora engagement programmes with the collaboration of the respective governments. The programmes aim to involve the Mauritian and Comorian diasporas as partners of local development in their respective countries of origin.

IOM shall also implement activities that will promote ethical labour recruitment practices and safe migration in the Republic of Madagascar, which would contribute to the well-being of Malagasy migrant workers and their families and to the overall inclusive growth of Madagascar through safe labour migration management processes.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Local NGOs and CSOs

Migration Policy and Research IOM aims to enhance comprehensive information on migration by implementing research activities for all island States in the Indian Ocean. The approach proposed by IOM, with support from the governments of South-east Indian Ocean island States, is to build the capacities of government counterparts to include the issue of migration in national and regional statistics and planning tools to facilitate the collection and analysis of reliable and comparable migration data for evidencebased policy development on migration. Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius and Seychelles have developed National Migration Profiles with financial support from the IOM Development Fund, which constitute the foundation for the development of national migration strategies. IOM’s assistance was requested by the Government of Mauritius to lead towards the development of a national migration and development policy for Mauritius.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Local NGOs and CSOs

Migration and Environment In response to the critical need for information and the request of assistance from the Government of Madagascar, IOM has designed a project that will provide the data and analysis needed to create an informed country-level strategy and programmes to effectively address the root causes of migrationrelated environmental degradation. The project will provide analysis and recommendations to help inform future programme development in Madagascar.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • UN/IOs/INGOs