South Africa

Operations, Emergencies and Post-crisis

IOM facilitates the resettlement of refugees and family reunification to third countries by coordinating the provision of pre-entry medical assessment, documentation and logistics support, as well as cultural and pre-departure orientation. IOM works closely with the UNHCR and diplomatic embassies such as those of Australia, Canada, Norway, and the United States.

Target populations

  • Migrants and vulnerable populations
     

Migration Health

IOM addresses the health vulnerabilities and challenges faced by migrants throughout all stages of their migration, as well as the needs of host communities affected by migration. Through the Ripfumelo project, IOM contributes to the reduction of vulnerability to HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis among migrants and host communities. Ripfumelo is part of IOM’s regional Partnership on Health and Mobility in East and Southern Africa (PHAMESA) programme implemented in 18 countries in East and Southern Africa.

The Ripfumelo project covers South Africa’s Mpumalanga, Limpopo, Gauteng and Kwa Zulu Natal Provinces. Interventions focus on farming and mining communities and aim to develop sustainable responses to migration and health by working with and capacitating partners at all levels. Ripfumelo works in partnership with the South African Government at the local, district and provincial levels, as well as with private sector, civil society organizations and academic institutions.

IOM conducts government-sponsored and self-funded health assessments and travel health assistance to refugees and immigrants bound for Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations
  • Local NGOs and CSOs
     

Immigration and Border Management

IOM will continue to work in partnership with the Government of South Africa to manage migration by strengthening immigration and integrated border management, in order to facilitate the safe movement of migrants. Interventions will include building the capacity of South African Government officials and other stakeholders to manage migration and institutionalize inter-agency exchange of information.

Owing to the nature of migration, a coordinated multilateral approach is integral in optimizing efforts to manage migration in the region. IOM will therefore seek to create opportunities for the Government of South Africa to collaborate with other governments on the issue of migration management in the region.

Through the Regulating Migration Programme, interventions will focus on strengthening the capacity of trained government officials to train their peers. IOM will provide oversight and support the trained government officials.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations

Migrant Assistance

IOM will continue to work with the Government and other key stakeholders to strengthen capacities to manage migration. Interventions will include the establishment of a national migration management forum and the profiling of unaccompanied minors. Also planned are interventions focusing on strengthening the Government’s and key stakeholders’ capacity to investigate and prosecute cases of trafficking in persons, particularly in the fishing sector. This will be done through high-level roundtable discussions, consultative national workshops and the development of standard operating procedures for the investigation and prosecution of trafficking cases.

IOM will work in partnership with South Africa’s National Prosecuting Authority, the South African Police Service, the Department of Labour, the Department of Social Development, the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, the Department of Home Affairs and the Border Control Operational Coordinating Committee, the US Embassy in South Africa and the US Government’s Department for Homeland Security. Building on the 2013 Unaccompanied Minors pilot project, IOM will work with the Government of South Africa and neighbouring countries to build a

care and protection network for this target group. Interventions will focus on strengthening the capacity of governments and civil society to address the issue of unaccompanied minors, as well as support cross-border coordination mechanisms and research on unaccompanied minors to inform programming and policies.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations
     

Labour Migration and Human Development

IOM seeks to contribute towards facilitating migrants’ contribution towards South Africa’s economic development. By developing projects that bring together migrant labour, economic actors and the Government, IOM would contribute to the National Development Plan 2030 by facilitating the economic participation of migrant labour from both highly and lower-skilled seasonal workers. IOM will advocate for a regulatory environment where migrants can fill structural shortages on the labour market, and where their rights are protected and respected. Additionally, the labour code should facilitate migrant entrepreneurship and job creation for and by migrants.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations
     

Migration Policy and Research

IOM plans to work with the Government of South Africa to undertake a migration profiling exercise that will begin in 2015. The migration profile document will be used to inform future developments in South Africa’s migration policy. In addition, findings from the profiling exercise will inform government planning by providing information about migration that can be utilized by government at the national, provincial and municipal levels. The research project will be complemented by capacity-building activities for government agencies on collecting, analysing   and reporting migration-related data.

The Migration Profile will cover a wide range of migration issues, including (but not limited to): undocumented migrants, trafficking of persons, brain drain, internal and interregional migration flows, remittances, diaspora contribution, communicable diseases and labour migration.

IOM intends to use the Migration Profile and other migration-related data to stimulate and enrich the discussion on the role of migration in South African society among the public, NGOs, government agencies and other stakeholders.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies