Angola

Operations, Emergencies and Post-crisis

Angola is highly susceptible to cyclical natural disasters, such as floods and droughts, which have been critically hindering the capacity of affected communities to develop, by disrupting traditional livelihoods and forcing internal migration. In response, IOM will work with the National Commission for Civil Protection to build the capacity of local authorities to prevent, prepare and respond to natural disasters, as well as increase the resilience of the most vulnerable communities.

Within the framework of the Camp Coordination and Camp Management and the Disaster Reduction Management Capacity Building Programme for Southern Africa, IOM will assist the Commission in identifying the key capacity needs of the National Service, develop tailor-made curricula to train trainers, and provide assistance in the roll-out of the capacity-building programme in target provinces. In addition to this, IOM intends to develop the resilience of vulnerable communities by implementing livelihoods diversification programmes in areas where the impact of climate change and natural disasters have increased the vulnerability of the population, especially the youth, and have led to rampant urbanization, poverty and exposure to forced labour.

Furthermore, following the completion of its regional programme to support the return of former Angolan refugees in 2014, IOM will focus on facilitating the sustainable socio-economic reintegration and community stabilization in communities highly affected by returns.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations

Migration Health

IOM will work with the Government and local communities to improve the well-being of migrantsand migration-affected populations by identifying specific areas of vulnerability for migration health, such as border regions most affected by irregular migration and informal mining, or key transport corridors and peri-urban settlements in major cities. IOM will conduct participatory assessments and research in such places, directly involving local communities, to identify the social determinants of health vulnerability, support the Government in formulating relevant responses, and raise the evidence required for the development of policies addressing key migration health concerns.

Furthermore, IOM will work to build the capacity of selected local actors, such as community activists and local administration, to raise health awareness among migrants and to provide sustainable access to migrant-sensitive services, especially for the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and waterborne diseases.

IOM also provides support to health assessments and travel health assistance activities for refugees and migrants, funded by the Government or through self-payer mechanisms.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations

Immigration and Border Management

Since the beginning of the economic boom, Angola has been facing an increase in complex migration trends, including an intensification of mixed migration movements. This has posed tremendous challenges to the Angolan Government for effective management of the country’s extensive and porous borders, especially in consideration of the still limited cross-border cooperation with the neighbouring countries.

IOM will support the Government to enhance its border management capacity, and harness the development opportunities of migration, while ensuring that the rights of migrants are upheld, regardless of their immigration status. This will be done by assisting the Government in the identification of key capacity needs, implement relevant training, as well as provide ad-hoc technical assistance for immigration and other law enforcement officials. IOM will continue to conduct border assessments in areas experiencing mixed migration, and assist the Government in the identification and implementation of integrated solutions to allow cross-border mobility and facilitate trade, such as the implementation of border resident card regimes with neighbouring countries.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies

Migrant Assistance

In response to the increasing mixed migration flows into Angola, IOM will renew its engagement with the Government and civil society to improve the mechanism for the identification and protectionof vulnerable migrants, including unaccompanied minors, asylum-seekers and victims of trafficking and sexual and gender-based violence, and to create sustainable solutions to reduce the vulnerability of migrants in Angola.

Building on the recent development of legislation against trafficking in persons, IOM will assist the Government in the definition and implementation of a comprehensive action plan to fight human trafficking, including building the capacities of relevant law enforcement officials at the central and local levels, supporting the development and implementation of awareness campaigns, and providing direct assistance and protection to victims of human trafficking, in partnership with civil society institutions.

IOM will also continue to provide comprehensive reception and reintegration assistance to assisted voluntary returnees from other countries.

 

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations

 

Labour Migration and Human Development

The diversification of the economy and the enhancement of the capacity of the local government to deliver services in the provinces are two of the key priorities of the National Development Plan

(2013–2017). IOM will support the Government in developing a diaspora engagement plan and conduct a national labour migration skills audit to determine the skills and shortages in key areas of the public and private sectors, towards the development of a labour mobility programme. Furthermore, IOM will work with relevant partners in the most vulnerable communities, to ensure vulnerable youths’ access to technical vocational training, to contrast the rampant urbanization and reduce poverty.

 

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies
  • Migrants and vulnerable populations

 

Migration Policy and Research

IOM is assisting the Government in the development of the first National Migration Policy in Angola. IOM will provide technical assistance and capacity-building to the national commission tasked to develop the policy by providing extensive training on migration essentials and conducting a legislative and statistical analysis of migration in the country, in order to facilitate evidence-based multi-sectoral consultations.

Furthermore, IOM will conduct research on the extent of informal diamond mining and its relation to irregular migration and forced labour.

 

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies

Migration and Environment

Due to the critical lack of data and its very dynamic context, research remains one of the priorities for IOM in Angola. The relation between climate change, urbanization and resilience, will be the subject of a study targeting the provinces most affected by recurrent drought.

Target populations

  • Governments and regional bodies